Pec pod Sněžkou

Contemporary Problems of Low Temperature Physics

is one-week off-site seminar for Bc. students in beautiful region of Pec pod Sněžkou with the highest Czech montain Sněžka (1603 m).

The seminar will be held from 29.4.2018 (Sun) to 4.5.2018 (Fri).

Invite your friends by sending them an invitation.

In order to register for the seminar, enroll in the course NFPL180 or contact doc. Mgr. Jaroslav Kohout, Dr. (see below).

The program is organized as an introduction to various aspects of low temperature physics, hyperfine interactions and nuclear methods in solid state physics for beginners and involves description of current scientific investigation in low-temperature physics.

Lectures cover:

  • Temperature scale and the role of temperature in physics. Low temperature physics and topics of investigation.
  • Basic properties of 4He and 3He, liquifaction, thermal insulation, Dewar vessels, cryostats. Fermi-Dirac and Bose - Einstein quantum statistics. Ideal Bose gas, Bose - Einstein condensation (BEC). Ideal Fermi gas, Fermi liquid. Phase diagrams of 4He and 3He, superfluidity, hydrodynamics and quantized vortices. 3He-4He mixtures, dilution refrigerator. Adiabatic demagnetization, nuclear demagnetization. Thermometry.
  • Superconductivity - basic properties, ideas and application. Josephson phenomena. High temperature superconductivity.
  • Physical properties of solids at low temperature. Metals, insulators, semiconductors - phonons, electrons, holes. Introduction into energy spectrum, valence and conduction band. Debay temperature. Quantum Hall effect. Magnetism at low temperatures. Nuclear magnetism, Van Vleck paramagnets.
  • Nuclear methods in condensed matter physics. Principles of nuclear magnetic resonance - Larmor precession, Bloch equations, spin echo. NMR in magnetics, hyperfine interactions. Nuclear magnetic imaging. High resolution NMR. Nuclear orientation. Mössbauer spectroscopy. Positron annihilation.

Preliminary schedule


doc. Mgr. Jaroslav Kohout, Dr.

Tel.: +420 221 912 788


Výukové a školicí středisko UK Praha
Velká pláň 159
542 21 Pec pod Sněžkou

Instructions for participants:

  • Accommodation and meals are fully covered for all MFF students. Rooms have a small fridge and TV. 
  • Transport of participants to the site is individual. One-way ticket for direct bus from bus station Černý most (Prague) to Pec pod Sněžkou costs approx. 140-190 Kč.
  • Participants are expected to arrive on Sunday afternoon. The seminar starts with a dinner at 6 pm.
  • The seminar is closed on Friday with a lunch. Participants are expected to leave shortly after.
  • In case you have a vegetarian or other diet, contact the organiser ASAP!
  • Take stout shoes and warm clothes for your trips as usually there is still a snow during May. Baterry-lamp is also useful...
  • An optional trip to Sněžka is organised on Wednesday afternoon.
  • For a small fee, you can use ping-pong, small football and pool tables. We will be happy if you bring any musical instruments and games to please other participants or for social evening.
  • Final schedule and detail information will be provided later by email.
  • As always, do not forget your toothbrush, towels and slippers! :-)

Previous years...